The world of botany is all about plants. Fruits, seeds, leaves and various other parts of a plant find applications in several walks of life, including, health; and equipments of daily use such as clothing.
Cotton is popularly used as a fiber for clothing, and derived from the Gossypium plants, and the invention of modern cotton gin in the 18th century made it more affordable.
Scientists began to extract and use ingredients from plants using modern chemical analysis and the contemporary apparatus in the 19th century. Later, chemists began making their own version of plant compounds and, over time, the use of herbal medicines declined in favor of drugs.
About a quarter of pharmaceutical drugs are derived from botanicals and herbs may be used together to produce more effective formula that is safe with the least hazards. Extracts and pulps made out of fruit are rich in vitamins and strengthen the immune system, an example being grapefruit.
Herbal product from plants is generally used in the Indian subcontinent against a range of ailments and conditions. A Coimbatore-based university that provides under-graduate education in South India has recently introduced herbal coils to counter mosquitoes.